Mutual accountability framework for the comprehensive africa agriculture development programme
Leonard Oruko, Ian Randall, Martin Bwalya, Simon Kisira and Maria Wanzala
CAADP Implementation Documents
In the classical sense, accountability is a process through which people entrusted with responsibilities are kept under check to carry out the tasks assigned to them. In a review of typology of accountability models, Droop et al. (2008) draw a distinction between other forms of accountability and mutual accountability. At the end of the spectrum is the Principal-Agent model. In this model, fiduciary responsibilities are left to management as an agent. In some cases, the stewardship and oversight function is delegated to a Board of Directors and the emerging best practice for corporate governance, the Board is also held accountable to the shareholders.